In the past few years, mobile has grown very rapidly and it is touching every facet of our life. The mobile apps are acting as a bridge for the advanced thinking enterprises, who are working on building smart devices to improve our lives.
The mobile apps have laid the groundwork for the growth of IoT. IoT is known for sending and receiving data and mobile apps are the everyday course through which data is interpreted. Nothing can be superior to these two technologies bounded together.
Analysts have predicted that by 2018, 99% of everything of M2M will be connected by the Internet of Things. The software and development technologies keep changing; however with the take-off of IoT, mobile app development is going to change too.
Picking the starting point:
IoT is growing and developers don’t even know where to start. Hence the first thing to do is to understand what IoT is and how it functions. Internet of things is a vast thing and hence developers need to know what IoT is about, what are the devices that they want to connect coherently? Developers need to understand this technology before they can try their hands on controlling this technology.
Establishing the connectivity for the IoT solution:
When the mobile apps connect to the world, they use Bluetooth, wifi or the mobile’s data network for the same. But IoT can’t use wifi or data network or Bluetooth for sending or receiving data. Every IoT app or solution will need a separate gateway to communicate with other connected devices.
Hence developers will need to think about the solution to provide individual protocols and gateway for every IoT solution individually.
Dividing the development into layers:
Ordinarily, development of websites or mobile apps is divided into multiple layers which after completion are integrated into one whole thing like web service, user end of the app, functionality etc. In the same degree, it needs to be done for IoT also.
For IoT, the tiers or layers will be different and the developers need to understand this before starting the development. They need to figure out a way to integrate the analytics and user end part because as of now there are no technologies available for the same.
The Native methodology may not work:
The whole philosophy behind Native methodology is that it works for the specific platform using the features of that platform; this proved useful and successfully for the mobile apps. But now with IoT, will Native be the right approach? I don’t think so. The hybrid methodology may prove to be the answer because the same code can be used across platforms.
With IoT, there may be different platform devices connected hence it would be easy and time saving to maintain and use the code for Android, iOS, Windows etc.
Device and OS support:
For mobile apps, the supported devices and operating system were decided beforehand and then the development was done in light of those operating systems (and devices). The developers were hands-on with the OS versions. But that will not be the case with IoT.
With IoT, the devices will be any and so will the OS; hence the developers need to study a lot and analyze the device and OS support for the IoT solution.
More development opportunities:
Since IoT is a totally new technology, hence designing the architecture of the IoT solution, the development of the user end, development of the internal back-end structure will need to be done from scratch and there isn’t much expertise available right now.
Hence one mind with a specific set of expertise won’t suffice and companies will need people with different expertise like Android, iOS, user end, back-end etc; thus opening the gates of opportunities.