From sensors to communication devices, Internet of Things has flourished the entire market due to its excellent functionality. It has expanded up to an extent such that it is now a most buzzing technology in the digital era. One of the major reasons of its growing popularity is that it has revolutionized the industries ranging from renewable energy to marketing. Thus, its demand among the users is growing each day and in the next five years, the numbers of IoT connections are expected to get four times than that of today.

A plethora of industries are seeking various innovative manners in order to extract the utmost advantages out of the technology. But, for some it might be a new concept. So for them, we have explained the idea behind introducing the technology and its applications in various domains in the modern world.

 

IoT In Modern World

Formerly, IoT used to introduce inert objects in the physical world of IT. It was combined with a wide range of technologies starting from sensors to RFID tags for monitoring environmental conditions and allowing users to interact with objects. In IoT world, it is possible to gather all the data for analysis. Once objects become dynamic, it becomes easy to conduct remote update and on-the-fly enhancements. Basically, IoT reflects the transformation from reactive system to proactive systems and delayed problem management to automatic sense-and-respond features. However, the cost of the sensors can affect government’s focus in enhancing services and efficiency.

applications of iot

IoT is driving the users to store and manage data in real-time management system including waste, water, energy and transportation. Now, when it comes to early phase of IoT, majority of tools like streetlight, etc. which used to conserve light and energy on its own. Based on this concept, the technology was further amended which can be made its impact in various aspects within a city. A few of these aspects have been explained as follows:

 

  • Energy

As the name suggests, smart grid is one of the well-developed IoT system that use rely meters to measure the building’s energy usage. It tracks the total energy consumption rate and send it further to a central management system. This helps in allocating the resources efficiently. feature of identifying the outages can help in conserving the energy and reducing the cost. When it evaluated on individual level, it can help the citizens to minimize their electricity bills.

 

  • Environmental Conditions

A few IoT devices have been launched in the market that can evaluate noise, temperature and air quality. The government can use the data and share using open data portals for the public. Thus, citizens can easily figure out the preventive measure to be taken in order to overcome environmental issues.

 

  • Water Management

Water supply related issues are very usual these days. Some of the cities even get very little rainfall. Thus, a few IoT devices were introduced that can plan and manage irrigation by allowing extensive water to flow at the place where there is a scarcity of water resources.

 

There are many more applications of IoT devices and systems within the city that are helping the government and citizens to conserve resources, reduce cost and boost development rate.

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